The treatments for chronic pain are as diverse as the
causes, and generally employ a multidisciplinary approach,
involving physicians, psychologists and physical therapists.
The patient as well should take an active role in his or her
own treatment. The aim in many cases is not to alleviate
pain but also to teach the chronic sufferer how to come to
terms with pain and function in spite of it. From
over-the-counter and prescription drugs to acupuncture, when
it comes to treating chronic pain, no single technique is
guaranteed to produce complete pain relief. Relief may be
found by using a combination of treatment options. Pain may
be relieved by drug therapy.
Sometimes, a group of nerves that causes pain to a
specific organ or body region can be blocked with local
medication. The injection of this nerve-numbing substance is
called a nerve block.
Trigger point injection is a procedure used to treat
painful areas of muscle that contain trigger points, or
knots of muscle that form when muscles do not relax. Trigger
point injection is used to treat muscle pain in the arms,
legs, lower back, and neck. In addition, this approach has
been used to treat Fibromyalgia, tension headaches, and
myofascial pain syndrome (chronic pain involving tissue that
surrounds muscle) that does not respond to other treatment.
Physical therapy helps to relieve pain by using
techniques that improve movement and function. A physical
therapist may use a TENS to aid treatment.